Master the most common Chinese verbs followed by sample sentences with characters, pinyin, explanation and English translation. These verbs are used...
10 essential verbs in Chinese you must know (1)
Master the most common Chinese verbs followed by sample sentences with characters, pinyin, explanation and English translation. These verbs are used all the time in the daily life and can help you express basic but essential sentences to be understood by local people.
Like in any other language, certain verbs in Chinese are used all the time in daily life and can help you express basic but essential sentences to be understood by everyone in China. In this article, we will present to you the most common Chinese verbs followed by sample sentences with characters, pinyin, explanation and English translation.
是 shì - To be
wǒ de māmā shì yīshēng
[我的 My] [妈妈 mom] [是 be] [医生 doctor]
My mother is a doctor.
Mǎ Yún shì ālǐbābā gōngsī de lǎobǎn
[马云 Ma Yun, a name] [是 be] [阿里巴巴 Alibaba] [公司 company] [的 possessive particle] [老板 boss]
Ma Yun is Alibaba company’s CEO.
pīsà shì yìdàlì de tèsè
[披萨 pizza] [是 be] [意大利 Italy] [的 possessive particle] [特色 special feature]
Pizza is an Italian specialty.
有 yǒu - To have
wǒ jiā yǒu sān jiān fángjiān
[我 My] [家 house] [有 have] [三 three] [间measure word] [房间 room]
There are three rooms in my house .
lǐ xiǎo jiě yǒu shí nián de gōngzuò jīngyàn
[李 Li, a common Chinese last name ] [小姐 Miss] [有 have] [十 ten] [年 years] [的 possessive particle] [工作 work] [经验 experience]
Miss Li has 10 years of working experience.
bīngxiāng lǐ hái yǒu sān gè píngguǒ
[冰箱 fridge] [里 inside] [还 still] [有have] [三 three] [个 measure word] [苹果 apple]
There are still three apples in the fridge.
要 yào - To want
nǐ yào kàn nǎ yī bù diànyǐng ？
[你 you] [要 want] [看 look] [哪 which] [一 one][部 measure word] [电影 movie]
Which movie do you want to watch?
nǐ jīntiān wǎnshàng yào chī shénme ?
[你 you] [今天 today] [晚上 evening] [要 want] [吃eat] [什么 what]
What do you want to eat this evening?
wèishénme tā bù yào péi nǐ mǎi yīfú
[为什么 why] [她 she] [不 negative prefix] [要 want] [陪 accompany] [你 you] [买 buy] [衣服 clothes]
Why doesn’t she want to buy clothes with you?
喜欢 xǐhuān - To like
wǒ de jiějiě bù xǐhuān chī chòudòufu
[我的 my] [姐姐 big sister] [不 negative prefix] [喜欢 like] [吃 eat] [臭豆腐 stinky tofu]
My sister doesn’t like to eat stinky tofu.
nǐ zuì xǐhuān tīzúqiú hái shì yóu yǒng ？
[你 you] [最 most] [喜欢 like] [踢足球 play football] [还是 or, used in a interrogative question] [游泳 swim]
Do you prefer playing football or swimming?
rúguǒ nǐ xǐhuān wǒ，nǐ jiù kěyǐ gēn wǒ shuō
[如果 if] [你 you] [喜欢 like] [我 me]，[你 you] [就 just] [可以 can] [跟 with] [我 me] [说 say]
If you like me, you can just tell me.
看 kàn - To look at，to see，to watch，to read
tā jīntiān zhǐ xiǎng dài jiā kàn diànshì
[她 she] [今天 today] [只 only] [想 want] [待 stay] [家 home] [看 look] [电视 TV]
Today she only wants to stay at home and watch TV.
Xiǎohóng xǐhuān zài kāfēitīng kàn shū
[小红 Xiaohong, a name] [喜欢 like] [在 at] [咖啡厅 coffee shop] [看 look] [书 book]
Xiaohong likes to read books at coffee shops.
wǒ měi gè zhōumò dōu qù kàn zúqiú bǐsài
[我 I] [每 every] [周末 weekend] [都 all 每] [去go] [看 look] [足球 football] [比赛 competition]
I watch football matches every weekend.
去 qù - To go
wǒmén míngtiān qù rìběn lǚyóu
[我们 we] [明天 tomorrow] [去 go] [日本 Japan] [旅游 travel]
We will travel to Japan tomorrow .
tā zuótiān gēn péngyǒu yī qǐ qù jiǔbā
[她 she] [昨天 yesterday] [跟 with] [朋友 friend] [一起 together] [去 go] [酒吧 bar]
She went to a bar with friends yesterday.
wǒ hěn è. wǒmén qù nǎlǐ chīfàn ？
[我 I] [很 very] [饿 hungry]。[我们 we] [去 go] [哪里 where] [吃饭 eat]
I’m hungry. Where do we eat?
来 lái - To come
nǐ cóng nǎlǐ lái de ？
[你 you] [从 from] [哪里 where] [来 come] [的 used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis]
Where are you from?
wǒ lái guò zhè jiā fànguǎn liǎng cì 。
[我 I] [来 come] [过 experienced action marker] [这 this] [家 measure word] [饭馆 restaurant] [两 two] [次 time]
I’ve been to this restaurant twice.
kè rén lái le 。 bāng wǒ kāi yī píng pútáojiǔ 。
[客人 guest] [来 come] [了 completed action marker]. [帮 help] [我 me] [开 open] [一 one] [瓶 bottle] [葡萄酒 wine]
Guests have arrived. Help me open a bottle of wine.
买 - To buy
wǒ yào mǎi sān zhāng gōnggòngqìchē piào
[我 I] [要 want] [买 buy] [三 three] [张 measure word] [公共汽车 bus] [票 ticket]
I would like to buy three bus tickets.
wǒ de lǎo gōng xǐhuān qù bǎihuògōngsī mǎi yīfú
[我的 My] [老公 husband] [喜欢 like] [去 go] [百货公司 shopping mall] [买 buy] [衣服 clothes]
My husband likes to go to the shopping mall to buy clothes.
wǒ mǎi le yī píng xiāngshuǐ sòng wǒ de dìdì
[我 I] [买 buy] [了 completed action marker] [一 one] [瓶 bottle] [香水 perfume] [送 offer] [我的 my] [弟弟 little brother]
I bought a bottle of perfume for my little brother.
知道 - To know
wǒ bù zhīdào tā jiào shénme míngzì
[我 I] [不 negative prefix] [知道 know] [他 he] [叫 call] [什么 what] [名字 name]
I don’t know his name.
wǒ zhīdào zhè gè guójiā ， dànshì wǒ méi qù guò
[我 I] [知道 know] [这 this] [个 measure word] [国家 country]，[但是 but] [我 I] [没 have not] [去 go] [过 experienced action maker]
I know this country, but I’ve never been there.
nǐ bù zhī dào zhè gè gēshǒu má ？ tā hěn yǒumíng
[你 you] [不 negative prefix] [知道 know] [这 this] [个 measure word] [歌手 singer] [吗 question particle for “yes-no” questions]？[他 he] [很 very] [有名 famous]
You don’t know this singer? He’s very famous.
认识 rènshi - To know，to understand，to recognize
wǒ hěn gāoxīng rènshí nǐ
[我 I] [很 very] [高兴 happy] [认识 know/meet] [你 you]
Nice to meet you.
wǒ zài túshūguǎn rènshí tā
[我 I] [在 at] [图书馆 library] [认识 know/meet] [他 him]
I met him at the library.
tā shì shéi ？ wǒ bù rèn shí tā
[她 she] [是 be] [谁 who]？[我 I] [不 negative prefix] [认识 know/meet] [她 her]
Who is she? I don’t know her .
Don’t hesitate to read and reread this article every day to remember these verbs and how they are frequently used in everyday language.