Grammar list for AP Chinese Exam

Here is a list of common grammar points that are often tested on the AP Chinese exam. It is essential to have a strong grasp of these concepts.

Grammar list for AP Chinese

The AP Chinese exam doesn't have a specific grammar list provided by the College Board. Instead, it assesses your ability to use grammar naturally and effectively in various contexts. However, here is a list of common grammar points and structures that are often tested on the AP Chinese exam. It's essential to have a strong grasp of these grammar concepts:

  1. Tenses:

  • Present, past, and future tenses.
  • Aspect markers like 了 (le) for completed actions.
  1. Sentence Structure:

  • Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) sentence structure.
  • Subordinate clauses and relative clauses.
  • Passive voice construction (被 bèi).
  1. Negation:

  • Using 不 (bù) for negation.
  • Using 没有 (méi yǒu) for "have not" or "did not."
  1. Questions:

  • Yes-no questions with 吗 (ma).
  • Wh-questions with 什么 (shén me), 哪里 (nǎlǐ), 谁 (shéi), etc.
  1. Comparatives:

  • Using 比 (bǐ) for comparisons.
  • Comparative structures like 更 (gèng), 更加 (gèng jiā).
  1. Modality:

  • Expressing possibility with 可能 (kě néng).
  • Expressing necessity with 必须 (bì xū).
  1. Conjunctions:

  • Using 还是 (hái shì) for "or" in questions.
  • Using 而且 (ér qiě) for "and."
  1. Expressing Duration:

  • Using 了 (le) to indicate the duration of an action.
  1. Expressing Purpose:

  • Using 为了 (wèi le) to indicate purpose.
  1. Conditional Sentences:

  • Using 如果 (rú guǒ) for "if" clauses.
  • Using 就 (jiù) to indicate a resulting action.
  1. Causative Structures:

  • Using 让 (ràng) to indicate "let" or "allow."
  • Using 使 (shǐ) to indicate "cause" or "make."
  1. Expressing Sequence:

  • Using 先 (xiān) for "first," 然后 (rán hòu) for "then," 最后 (zuì hòu) for "finally."
  1. Emphasis:

  • Using 是...的 (shì to emphasize information in a sentence.
  1. Expressing Possession:

  • Using 的 (de) to indicate possession.
  1. Particles:

  • Using 吧 (ba) for suggestions or softening commands.
  • Using 呢 (ne) for forming questions.
  1. Double Negation:

  • Using 没有...不 (méiyǒ..bù) for emphasis.
  1. Comparative Structures:

  • Using 越来越 (yuè lái yuè) for "more and more."
  • Using 越...越 (yuè...yuè) for "the more...the more..."
  1. Expressing Obligation:

  • Using 应该 (yīng gāi) for "should."
  1. Expressing Reciprocity:

  • Using 互相 (hù xiāng) for "each other."
  1. Expressing Intention:

  • Using 打算 (dǎ suàn) to indicate intention or plan.

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